Thucydides, Greece, 470-400 BCE Thucydides was an Athenian aristocrat who was in his late twenties when the conflict that he would call the Peloponnesian War began in 431. He was keenly aware of the significance of the conflict and began writing its history almost immediately. In 424, Thucydides was elected one of Athens’ generals, but his failure to prevent the loss of the city of Amphipolis to the Spartans saw him exiled from Athens. He spent the rest of the War wandering around Greece as a non-combatant gathering evidence and talking with participants from both sides for his history on...
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