Valmiki, India.c. 300BCE The Ramayana is the shorter of the two great epic poems of India, the other being the Mahabharata. The Ramayana was composed in Sanskrit, around 300 BCE, traditionally by the poet Valmiki. Its present form consists of some 24,000 couplets divided into seven books. The poem describes the life and adventures of Rama in the kingdom of Ayodhya. The poem is immensely popular still in India, where its recitation is considered an act of great merit. While it was originally composed in Sanskrit, there are many translations that are considered literary masterpieces themselves such as the...
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