Tagged: Greece

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The Hymn to Aphrodite

Sappho, Greece c.600 BCE Sappho was a Greek lyric poet born in Eressos on the island of Lesbos. She is most often associated with Mytilene, the capital city of Lesbos, and a major city even in the 7th century BCE. Most sources say she was born sometime between 630 BCE and 612 BCE, and it is said that she died around 570 BC. The bulk of her poetry has been lost, although her reputation has remained. Sappho was born into an aristocratic family, which is reflected in the sophistication of her language. Fragments of her work that remain make references...

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The Peloponnesian War

Thucydides, Greece, 470-400 BCE Thucydides was an Athenian aristocrat  who was in his late twenties when the conflict that he would call the Peloponnesian War began in 431. He was keenly aware of the significance of the conflict and began writing its history almost immediately. In 424, Thucydides was elected one of Athens’ generals, but his failure to prevent the loss of the city of Amphipolis to the Spartans saw him exiled from Athens. He spent the rest of the War wandering around Greece as a non-combatant gathering evidence and talking with participants from both sides for his history on...