Mencius, China, 372-289 BCE Mencius, which is the Latinized name of Meng-tze, was a disciple of the grandson of Confucius, and regarded as the second most important philosopher in the Confucian tradition. His work, known as the “Book of Mencius,”or “The Mengzi” is one of the four Shuh, or books, of Confucian wisdom. The life of Mencius is very sketchy. Mencius was said to have lived to the advanced age of eighty-four years, which makes him a contemporary of the great Greek philosophers, Plato and Aristotle. His father died when he was very young and his education became the responsibility...
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