Tagged: China

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The Book of Chuang Tzu

Chuang Tzu , China, c.265-275 BCE It is common with many ancient philosophic traditions for the teacher to have a primary disciple, often unknown to the teacher, who adds to and evolves the original tradition. Confucius had Mencius, Socrates wrote nothing himself but was the central character in the works of his student Plato, and Jesus of Nazareth’s philosophy was codified and written down by Paul. The same case apples to Taoism, where the original ideas of Lao Tzu written down in the Tao were expanded and discussed in the Zhuangzi, or the Book of Chuang Tzu. Chuang Tzu, who...

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The Journey to the West

Wu Cheng En, China. c 1590 Considered to be one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese Literature (along with The Romance of the Four Kingdoms, The Water Margin and The Dream of the Red Chamber), The Journey to the West was first published around 1590 by an anonymous author. Scholars have settled on the 16th century writer Wu Cheng En as the probable creator or assembler of the novel. In China, the novel is also called Monkey; a title that has been used for a number of film and television adaptations of the story. Very little is known...

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The Mengzi

Mencius, China, 372-289 BCE Mencius, which is the Latinized name of Meng-tze, was a disciple of the grandson of Confucius, and regarded as the second most important philosopher in the Confucian tradition. His work, known as the “Book of Mencius,”or “The Mengzi” is one of the four Shuh, or books, of Confucian wisdom. The life of Mencius is very sketchy. Mencius was said to have lived to the advanced age of eighty-four years, which makes him a contemporary of the great Greek philosophers, Plato and Aristotle. His father died when he was very young and his education became the responsibility...